AutoCAD is a commercial software application for 2D and 3D computer-aided design
(CAD) and drafting — available since 1982 as a desktop application and since 2010 as a mobile
web- and cloud-based app marketed as AutoCAD 360. AutoCAD is used across a wide range of
industries, by architects, project managers, engineers, graphic designers, and other professionals.
AutoCAD is a 2-D and 3-D computer-aided drafting software application used in architecture,
construction and manufacturing to assist in the preparation of blueprints and other engineering
plans. Professionals who use AutoCAD are often referred to as drafters. While drafters work in a
number of specialties, the six most common specialization areas are mechanical drafting,
architectural drafting, civil drafting, electrical drafting, electronics drafting and aeronautical drafting.
Mechanical engineering is a broad field that encompasses industry, business, medicine
and even law. Planning and designing mechanical objects is the primary focus of
mechanical engineers, whether they are producing engine and motor components or
complete devices like refrigerators and robots. Design programs like AutoCAD help
mechanical engineers do their jobs by helping them create preliminary designs and spot
flaws before production, saving time and resources.
The first application of CAD was in the electronics
industry. With the increasing complexity of electronic
devices, computers have become imperative in electrical
design. Integrated circuits (ICs) are a good example of this
developed dependency on CAD. Each integrated circuit
used to have less then thirty transistors and a thousand
geometries (geometric patterns). Now, these numbers have
risen drastically. With over one million transistors and ten
million geometries per IC, the conventional method of
design is no longer an option.